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CUSTOMARY LAW SYSTEMS AND MIXED SYSTEMS WITH A CUSTOMARY LAW TRADITION

Today, hardly any political entity in the world operates under a legal system which could be said to be typically and wholly customary. Custom can take on many guises, depending on whether it is rooted in wisdom born of concrete daily experience or more intellectually based on great spiritual or philosophical traditions. Be that as it may, customary law (as a system, not merely as an accessory to positive law) still plays a sometimes significant role, namely in matters of personal status, in a relatively high number of political entities with mixed legal systems. This obviously applies to a number of African countries but is also the case, albeit under very different circumstances, as regards the law of China or India, for example.

CUSTOMARY LAW MONOSYSTEMS

  • ANDORRA
  • GUERNSEY (UK)
  • JERSEY (UK)

MIXED SYSTEMS OF CIVIL LAW AND CUSTOMARY LAW

  • BURKINA FASO
  • BURUNDI
  • CHAD
  • CHINA (CN) (minus H-K and MACAU)
  • CONGO
  • CONGO, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF
  • COTE D'IVOIRE
  • ETHIOPIA
  • EQUATORIAL GUINEA
  • GABON
  • GUINEA
  • GUINEA-BISSAU
  • JAPAN
  • KOREA SOUTH
  • KOREA NORTH
  • MADAGASCAR
  • MALI
  • MONGOLIA
  • MOZAMBIQUE
  • NIGER
  • RWANDA
  • SAO TOMÉ AND PRINCIPE
  • SENEGAL
  • SWAZILAND
  • TAIWAN
  • TOGO

MIXED SYSTEMS OF COMMON LAW AND CUSTOMARY LAW

  • BHUTAN
  • GHANA
  • HONG KONG (CN)
  • LIBERIA
  • MALAWI
  • MICRONESIA
  • MYANMAR
  • NEPAL
  • PAPUA NEW GUINEA
  • SAMOA
  • SIERRA LEONE
  • SOLOMON ISLANDS
  • TANZANIA
  • UGANDA
  • ZAMBIA

MIXED SYSTEM OF MUSLIM LAW AND CUSTOMARY LAW

  • UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
 

MIXED SYSTEMS OF CIVIL LAW, MUSLIM LAW AND CUSTOMARY LAW

  • DJIBOUTI
  • ERITREA
  • INDONESIA
  • JORDAN
  • KUWAIT
  • OMAN
  • TIMOR LESTE

MIXED SYSTEMS OF CIVIL LAW, COMMON LAW AND CUSTOMARY LAW

  • CAMEROUN
  • LESOTHO
  • SRI LANKA
  • VANUATU
  • ZIMBABWE

MIXED SYSTEMS OF COMMON LAW, MUSLIM LAW AND CUSTOMARY LAW

  • BRUNEI
  • GAMBIA
  • INDIA
  • KENYA
  • MALAYSIA
  • NIGERIA

MIXED SYSTEMS OF COMMON LAW, CIVIL LAW, MUSLIM LAW AND CUSTOMARY LAW

  • BAHRAIN
  • QATAR
  • SOMALIA
  • YEMEN

 

CUSTOMARY LAW SYSTEMS BIBLIOGRAPHY

ACADEMIE AFRICAINE, Repenser les droits africains pour le XXIème siècle, Menaibuc, 2004.

ACQUARONE, D., La coutume : Réflexion sur les aspects classiques et les manifestations contemporaines d’une source de droit, Nice, Université de Nice-Faculté de droit et des sciences économiques, 1987.

ELIAS, O.T., La nature du droit coutumier africain, Présence africaine, 2000.

GLUCKMAN, M., (ed.), Ideas and Procedures in African Customary law, London, International African Institute and Oxford University Press, 1969.

GLUCKMAN, M., Politics, Law and Ritual in Tribal Society, Oxford, B.Blackwell, 1977.

GONIDEC, P.-F., Les droits africains, Pichon & Duran-Auzias, 1968.

HOOKER, M.B., Adat Law in modern Indonesia, Kualalumpur, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1998.

LEMASURIER, R., Le droit de l’île de Jersey : La loi, la coutume et l’idéologie, Paris, A. Pedone, 1956.

MOORE, S.F., Social Facts and Fabrications: Customary law on Kilimanjaro, 1880-1980, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press,1986.

NTAMPAKA, C., Introduction aux systèmes juridiques africains, P.U. de Namur, 2005.

OUVRAGE COLLECTIF, Sacralité, pouvoir et droit en Afrique, Paris, Éditions du centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1978.

POUDRET, J.-F., Coutumes et coutumiers, histoire comparative des droits des pays romands du XIIIe  siècle à la fin du XVIe siècle, Berne, 2002.

RENTLEN, A.D and ALAN Dundes, (eds), Folk Law: Essays in the Theory and Practice of Lex Non Scriptum, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1995, 2 vols.

VANDERLINDEN, J.,”Les droits africains entre positivisme et pluralisme”, (2000) 46 Bulletin des séances de l’Académie royale des sciences d’outre-mer, 279-292.

VANDERLINDEN, J., Les systèmes juridiques africains, coll.  Que-sais-je?, 2103, Paris, P.U.F., 1983.

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Last updated: 2009.12.15