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Alphabetical index of political entities, languages and corresponding legal systems

POLITICAL ENTITIES

LEGAL SYSTEMS

OFFICIAL LANGUAGES

AFGHANISTAN

Muslim

Pashtu, dari

ALBANIA

Civilist

Albanian

ALGERIA

Mixed

Arabic, +

AMERICAN SAMOA

Common law

English

ANDORRA

Customary

Catalan

ANGOLA

Civilist

Portuguese

ANGUILLA (UK)

Common law

English

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Common law

English

ARGENTINA

Civilist

Spanish

ARMENIA

Civilist

Armenian

ARUBA (NL)

Civilist

Dutch

AUSTRALIA (AU)

Common law

English

AUSTRIA

Civilist

German, +

AZERBAIJAN

Civilist

Azerbaijani

AZORES (PG)

Civilist

Portuguese

BAHAMAS

Common law

English

BAHRAIN

Mixed

Arabic

BANGLADESH

Mixed

Bengali

BARBADOS

Common Law

English

BELARUS

Civilist

Belarussian, russian

BELGIUM

Civilist

Dutch, french, german

BELIZE

Common Law

English

BENIN

Civilist

French

BERMUDA (UK)

Common Law

English

BHUTAN

Mixed

Dzong-kha

BOLIVIA

Civilist

Spanish

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

Civilist

Bosnian, serbian, croatian

BOTSWANA

Mixed

English

BRAZIL

Civilist

Portuguese

BRITISH INDIAN OCEAN TERRITORY (UK)

Common law

English

BRITISH TERRITORIES OF ANTARTICA (UK)

Common law

English

BRUNEI

Mixed

Malay, english

BULGARIA

Civilist

Bulgarian

BURKINA FASO

Mixed

French

BURUNDI

Mixed

Kirundi, french

CAMBODIA

Civilist

Khmer

CAMEROON

Mixed

French, english

CANADA (CD) (minus QUEBEC)

Common Law

French, english, +

CANARY ISLANDS (SP)

Civilist

Spanish

CAPE VERDE

Civilist

Portuguese, +

CAYMANS ISLANDS (UK)

Common Law

English

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

Civilist

French, sangho

CHAD

Mixed

Arabic, french

CHILE

Civilist

Spanish

CHINA (CN) (minus MACAU)

Mixed

Chinois

COLOMBIA

Civilist

Spanish

COMOROS ISLANDS

Mixed

French, sikomor, arabic

CONGO

Mixed

French

CONGO, POPULAR DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC OF

Mixed

French

COOK ISLANDS (NZ)

Common law

English

COSTA RICA

Civilist

Spanish

COTE D'IVOIRE

Mixed

French

CROATIA

Civilist

Croatian

CUBA

Civilist

Spanish

CYPRUS

Mixed

Greek, turkish

CZECH REPUBLIC

Civilist

Czech

DENMARK (DK)

Civilist

Danish, +

DJIBOUTI

Mixed

French, arabic

DOMINICA

Common law

English

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

Civilist

Spanish

ECUADOR

Civilist

Spanish, +

EGYPT

Mixed

Arabic

EL SALVADOR

Civilist

Spanish

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Civilist

Spanish, French

ERITREA

Mixed

Tigrinya, arabic

ESTONIA

Civilist

Estonian

ETHIOPIA

Mixed

Amharic, +

FALKLAND ISLANDS (UK)

Common law

English

FAROE ISLANDS (DK)

Civilist

Faroen, danish

FIJI ISLANDS

Common law

English, +

FINLAND

Civilist

Finnish, swedish

FRANCE (FR)

Civilist

French

FRENCH GUYANA (FR)

Civilist

French

FRENCH POLYNESIA (FR)

Civilist

French

FRENCH SOUTHERN AND
ANTARCTIC LANDS (FR)

Civilist

French

GABON

Mixed

French

GAMBIA

Mixed

English

GEORGIA

Civilist

Georgian

GERMANY

Civilist

German

GHANA

Mixed

English

GIBRALTAR (UK)

Common law

English

GREECE

Civilist

Greek

GREENLAND (DK)

Civilist

Greenlandish, danish

GRENADA

Common law

English

GUADELOUPE (FR)

Civilist

French

GUAM (USA)

Common law

English, chamorro

GUATEMALA

Civilist

Spanish

GUERNSEY (UK)

Customary

English, +

GUINEA

Mixed

French

GUINEA-BISSAU

Mixed

Portuguese

GUYANA

Mixed

English

HAITI

Civilist

French, creole

HAWAII (USA)

Common law

English, hawaiian

HOLY SEE/VATICAN

Civilist

Italian, latin

HONDURAS

Civilist

Spanish

HONG KONG (CN)

Mixed

Chinese, english

HUNGARY

Civilist

Hungarian

ICELAND

Civilist

Icelandic

INDIA

Mixed

Hindi, english, +

INDONESIA

Mixed

Bahasa Indonesia

IRAN

Mixed

Persan (farsi)

IRAQ

Mixed

Arabic, kurdish, +

IRELAND

Common Law

English, Irish

ISRAEL

Mixed

Hebrew, arabic

ITALY

Civilist

Italian

JAMAICA

Common Law

English

JAPAN

Mixed

Japanese

JERSEY (UK)

Customary

English, +

JORDAN

Mixed

Arabic

KAZAKSTAN

Civilist

Kazakh, russian

KENYA

Mixed

English, swahili

KIRIBATI

Common Law

English, kiribati

KOREA NORTH

Mixed

Korean

KOREA SOUTH

Mixed

Korean

KUWAIT

Mixed

Arabic

KYRGYZSTAN

Civilist

Kyrgyz, russian

LAOS

Civilist

Lao

LATVIA

Civilist

Latvian

LEBANON

Mixed

Arabic, +

LESOTHO

Mixed

Sesotho, english

LIBERIA

Mixed

English

LIBYA

Mixed

Arabic

LIECHTENSTEIN

Civilist

German

LITHUANIA

Civilist

Lithuanian

LOUISIANA (USA)

Mixed

English

LUXEMBOURG

Civilist

French, german, luxembourgish

MACAU (CN)

Civilist

Chinese, portuguese

MACEDONIA (FYROM)

Civilist

Macedonian, +

MADAGASCAR

Mixed

Malagasy, french

MADEIRA (PG)

Civilist

Portuguese

MALAWI

Mixed

English, +

MALAYSIA

Mixed

Malay

MALDIVES ISLANDS

Muslim

Dhivehi

MALI

Mixed

French

MALTA

Mixed

Maltese, english

MAN, ISLE OF (UK)

Common Law

English, manx

MARIANA (USA)

Common Law

English, +

MARSHALL ISLANDS

Common Law

English

MARTINIQUE (FR)

Civilist

French

MAURITANIA

Mixed

Arabic, +

MAURITIUS

Mixed

English, french

MAYOTTE ISLAND (FR)

Civilist

French

MEXICO

Civilist

Spanish

MICRONESIA

Mixed

English, +

MOLDOVA

Civilist

Romanian (Moldovan)

MONACO

Civilist

French

MONGOLIA

Mixed

Mongol

MONTSERRAT (UK)

Common Law

English

MONTENEGRO

Civilist

Serbian

MOROCCO

Mixed

Arabic, +

MOZAMBIQUE

Mixed

Portuguese

MYANMAR

Mixed

Burmese

NAMIBIA

Mixed

English, +

NAURU

Common law

Nauruan, english

NEPAL

Mixed

Nepali

NETHERLANDS (NL)

Civilist

Dutch

NETHERLANDS ANTILLES (NL)

Civilist

Dutch

NEW CALEDONIA (FR)

Civilist

French

NEW ZEALAND (NZ)

Common Law

English, +

NICARAGUA

Civilist

Spanish

NIGER

Mixed

French

NIGERIA

Mixed

English, +

NIUE (NZ)

Common Law

English, niuean

NORFOLK (AU)

Common Law

English

NORTHERN IRELAND (UK)

Common Law

English, +

NORWAY

Civilist

Norwegian

OMAN

Mixed

Arabic

PAKISTAN

Mixed

Urdu, english

PALAU

Common Law

English, +

PALESTINE

Mixed

Arabic

PANAMA

Civilist

Spanish

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

Mixed

Anglais, +

PARAGUAY

Civilist

Spanish, guarani

PERU

Civilist

Spanish, +

PHILIPPINES

Mixed

Tagalog (filipino), english

PITCAIRN ISLANDS (UK)

Common Law

English

POLAND

Civilist

Polish

PORTUGAL (PG)

Civilist

Portuguese

PUERTO RICO (ASS. USA)

Mixed

Spanish, english

QATAR

Mixed

Arabic

QUEBEC (CD)

Mixed

French, english

REUNION ISLANDS (FR)

Civilist

French

ROMANIA

Civilist

Romanian

RUSSIA

Civilist

Russian, +

RWANDA

Mixed

Kinyarwanda, french, english

SAINT-BARTHELEMY (FR)

Civilist

French

SAINT HELENA (UK)

Common Law

English

SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS

Common Law

English

SAINT LUCIA

Mixed

English

SAINT MARTIN (FR)

Civilist

French

SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON (FR)

Civilist

French

SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRANADINES

Common Law

English

SAN MARINO

Civilist

Italian

SAMOA

Mixed

English, Samoan

SAO TOMÉ AND PRINCIPE

Mixed

Portuguese

SAUDI ARABIA

Muslim

Arabic

SCOTLAND (UK)

Mixed

English, +

SENEGAL

Mixed

French

SERBIA

Civilist

Serbian

SEYCHELLES

Mixed

Creole, english, french

SIERRA LEONE

Mixed

English

SINGAPORE

Mixed

English, chinese, malay, tamil

SLOVAKIA

Civilist

Slovak

SLOVENIA

Civilist

Slovenian

SOLOMON ISLANDS

Mixed

English

SOMALIA

Mixed

Somali

SOUTH AFRICA

Mixed

English, Africaans, +

SOUTH GEORGIA AND SANDWICH ISLANDS (UK)

Common law

English

SPAIN (SP)

Civilist

Spanish, +

SRI LANKA

Mixed

Sinhala, tamil

SUDAN

Mixed

Arabic

SURINAME

Civilist

Dutch

SWAZILAND

Mixed

Swati, english

SWEDEN

Civilist

Swedish

SWITZERLAND

Civilist

German, french, italian, +

SYRIA

Mixed

Arabic

TAIWAN

Mixed

Chinese

TAJIKISTAN

Civilist

Tajik (farsi)

TANZANIA

Mixed

Swahili, english

THAILAND

Civilist

Thai

TIMOR-LESTE

Mixed

Portuguese, tetum

TOGO

Mixed

French

TOKELAU (NZ)

Common Law

Tokelauan, english

TONGA

Common Law

English, tongan

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

Common Law

English

TUNISIA

Mixed

Arabic

TURKEY

Civilist

Turkish

TURKMENISTAN

Civilist

Turkmen, russian

TURKS AND CAICOS

Common Law

English

TUVALU

Common Law

English, tuvaluan

UGANDA

Mixed

English

UKRAINE

Civilist

Ukrainian, +

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

Mixed

Arabic

UNITED KINGDOM (UK) (minus SCOTLAND, JERSEY and GUERNSEY)

Common Law

English, +

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA) (minus LOUISIANA)

Common Law

English

URUGUAY

Civilist

Spanish

UZBEKISTAN

Civilist

Uzbek, +

VANUATU

Mixed

English, bislama, french

VENEZUELA

Civilist

Spanish

VIETNAM

Civilist

Vietnamese

VIRGIN ISLANDS (USA)

Common Law

English

VIRGIN ISLANDS (UK)

Common Law

English

WALLIS AND FUTUNA (FR)

Civilist

French

WESTERN SAMOA

Mixed

English, samoan

YEMEN

Mixed

Arabic

ZAMBIA

Mixed

English

ZIMBABWE

Mixed

English

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Last updated: 2009.12.15