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Civil law Systems and Mixed Systems with a Civil law Tradition

In this category you will find political entities that, apart from other sources, have drawn their inspiration largely from the Roman law heritage and which, by giving precedence to written law, have resolutely opted for a systematic codification of their general law. However, you will also find political entities, generally with mixed legal systems, which may not have resorted to the technique of codification but which have retained, to varying degrees, a sufficient number of elements of Roman law as "Raison écrite" to warrant their affiliation to the civilian tradition (e.g. Scotland). On the other hand, this category also includes political entities less influenced by Roman law but whose law, whether codified or not, is founded on a perception of the role of statute law which, in many regards, approaches that of countries with a "pure" civilian tradition (e.g. Scandinavian countries, which occupy an original position in the Civil law, or sometimes called "Romano-Germanic", family).

CIVIL LAW MONOSYSTEMS

  • ALBANIA
  • ANGOLA
  • ARGENTINA
  • ARMENIA
  • ARUBA (NL)
  • AUSTRIA
  • AZERBAIJAN
  • AZORES (PG)
  • BELARUS
  • BELGIUM
  • BENIN
  • BOLIVIA
  • BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINA
  • BRAZIL
  • BULGARIA
  • CAMBODIA
  • CANARY ISLANDS (SP)
  • CAPE VERDE
  • CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
  • CHILE
  • COLOMBIA
  • COSTA RICA
  • CROATIA
  • CUBA
  • CZECH REPUBLIC
  • DENMARK (DK)
  • DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
  • ECUADOR
  • EL SALVADOR
  • ESTONIA
  • FAROE ISLANDS (DK)
  • FINLAND
  • FRANCE (FR)
  • FRENCH GUYANA (FR)
  • FRENCH POLYNESIA (FR)
  • FRENCH SOUTHERN AND ANTARCTIC LANDS (FR)
  • GEORGIA
  • GERMANY
  • GREECE
  • GREENLAND (DK)
  • GUADELOUPE (FR)
  • GUATEMALA
  • HAITI
  • HONDURAS
  • HUNGARY
  • ICELAND
  • ITALY
  • KAZAKHSTAN
  • KYRGYZSTAN
  • LAOS
  • LATVIA
  • LIECHTENSTEIN
  • LITHUANIA
  • LUXEMBOURG
  • MACAU (CN)
  • MACEDONIA (FYROM)
  • MADEIRA (PG)
  • MARTINIQUE (FR)
  • MAYOTTE ISLAND (FR)
  • MEXICO
  • MOLDOVA
  • MONACO
  • MONTENEGRO
  • NETHERLANDS (NL)
  • NETHERLANDS ANTILLES (NL)
  • NICARAGUA
  • NEW CALEDONIA (FR)
  • NORWAY
  • PANAMA
  • PARAGUAY
  • PERU
  • POLAND
  • PORTUGAL (PG)
  • REUNION ISLAND (FR)
  • ROMANIA
  • RUSSIA
  • SAINT-BARTHELEMY (FR)
  • SAINT-MAARTEN (FR)
  • SAN MARINO
  • SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON (FR)
  • SERBIA
  • SLOVAKIA
  • SLOVENIA
  • SPAIN (SP)
  • SWEDEN
  • SWITZERLAND
  • SURINAME
  • TAJIKISTAN
  • THAILAND
  • TURKEY
  • TURKMENISTAN
  • UKRAINE
  • URUGUAY
  • UZBEKISTAN
  • VATICAN
  • VENEZUELA
  • VIETNAM
  • WALLIS AND FUTUNA (FR)

MIXED SYSTEMS OF CIVIL LAW AND COMMON LAW

  • SOUTH AFRICA
  • BOTSWANA
  • CYPRUS
  • SCOTLAND (UK)
  • GUYANA
  • LOUISIANA (USA)
  • MALTA
  • MAURITIUS
  • NAMIBIA
  • PHILIPPINES
  • PORTO RICO (ASS. USA)
  • QUEBEC (CD)
  • SAINT LUCIA
  • SEYCHELLES

MIXED SYSTEMS OF CIVIL LAW AND CUSTOMARY LAW

  • BURKINA FASO
  • BURUNDI
  • CHAD
  • CHINA (CN) (minus H-K and MACAU)
  • CONGO
  • CONGO, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF
  • COTE D'IVOIRE
  • ETHIOPIA
  • EQUATORIAL GUINEA
  • GABON
  • GUINEA
  • GUINEA-BISSAU
  • JAPAN
  • KOREA SOUTH
  • KOREA NORTH
  • MADAGASCAR
  • MALI
  • MONGOLIA
  • MOZAMBIQUE
  • NIGER
  • RWANDA
  • SAO TOMÉ AND PRINCIPE
  • SENEGAL
  • SWAZILAND
  • TAIWAN
  • TOGO

MIXED SYSTEMS OF CIVIL LAW AND MUSLIM LAW

  • ALGERIA
  • COMOROS ISLANDS
  • EGYPT
  • IRAN
  • IRAQ
  • LEBANON
  • LIBYA
  • MAURITANIA
  • MOROCCO
  • PALESTINE
  • SYRIA
  • TUNISIA

MIXED SYSTEMS OF CIVIL LAW, MUSLIM LAW AND CUSTOMARY LAW

  • DJIBOUTI
  • ERITREA
  • INDONESIA
  • JORDAN
  • KUWAIT
  • OMAN
  • TIMOR LESTE

MIXED SYSTEMS OF CIVIL LAW, COMMON LAW AND CUSTOMARY LAW

  • CAMEROUN
  • LESOTHO
  • SRI LANKA
  • VANUATU
  • ZIMBABWE

MIXED SYSTEMS OF CIVIL LAW,COMMON LAW, MUSLIM LAW AND CUSTOMARY LAW

  • BAHRAIN
  • QATAR
  • SOMALIA
  • YEMEN

MIXED SYSTEM OF CIVIL LAW, COMMON LAW, JEWISH LAW AND MUSLIM LAW

  • ISRAEL

 

CIVIL LAW SYSTEMS BIBLIOGRAPHY

AGUILAR GUITEREZ, A. y  DERBEZ MURO, J., Panorama de la legislación civil, Mexico, U.N.A.M., 1960.

ATIAS,  C.,  Le droit civil, Paris, P.U.F., 1985.

BELL, J., French Legal Culture, London,  Butterworths, 2001.

BERMAN, H.J., Law and Revolution; The Formation of Western Legal Tradition, Cambridge, MA & London, Harvard University Press, 1983.  

BOUINEAU, J. et ROUX, J., 200 ans de code civil, Paris, ADPF-éditions, 2004.

BREDIN, J.-D., Code civil des français. Bicentenaire 1804–2004, Paris, Dalloz, 2004.

CARNIO, P., Saggi sulla storia della codificazione, Milan, 1998.

CASTAN TOBENAS,J., Derecho español común y foral, Madrid, Reus, 2005.

CHENGUANG,W. and XIANCHU, Z., Introduction to Chinese Law, China Law Series, Hong Kong, Singapore, Sweet & Maxwell Asia, 1997.

DAINOW, J., (ed.), The Role of Judicial Decision and Doctrine in Civil law and in Mixed Jurisdictions, Baton Rouge, L.S.U.P, 1974.

EMINESCU, Y,  and  POPESCU, T., Les codes civils des pays socialistes, Paris, L.G.D.J, 1980.

FAUVARQUE – COSSON, B. et  PATRIS – GODECHOT, S., Le code civil face à son destin, La documentation française, Paris, 2006.

FOSTER, N.G and SATICH, S., The German Legal System and Laws, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2003.

FRECKMANN, A. and WEGERISH, T., The German Legal System, London, Sweet & Maxwell, 1999.

GAUDEMET, J., Les naissances du droit. Le temps, le pouvoir et la science au service du droit, 3e éd., Paris, Domat Montchrestien, 2001.

HALPÉRIN, J.-L., Histoire des droits en Europe, Paris, Flammarion, 2004.

HALPÉRIN, J-L., L’impossible Code civil, Paris, P.U.F., coll. « Histoires », 1992.

HAMZA, G.,  Le développement du droit privé européen, Bouchal KFT, Budapest, 2005.

JOHN, M., Politics and the Law in Late Nineteenth Century Germany: The Origins of the Civil Code, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1989. 

LE ROY, Y. et  SHOENENBERGER, B.,  Introduction générale au droit Suisse, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2002.

LEVY, J.-P. et CASTALDO, A.,  Histoire du droit civil, Paris, Dalloz, 2002, XIII + 1554 p. 

LEWIS, A.D.E. and IBBETSON, D.J.,  The Roman Law Tradition, Cambridge UniversityPress,2004.

MARIANI, N. and PERRET, D.L., Legal bibliography on the Québec Civil law Published in English (1866-1997), Montréal, Wilson et Lafleur, 1999.

MEDINA DE LENUS, M., El derecho civil español en los últimos 50 ańos, Madrid, Centro de Estudios Registrales, D.L., 2000.

MERINO-BLANCO, E., The Spanish Legal System, London, Thomson Sweet & Maxwell, 2006.

MERRYMAN, J.H., CLARK, D.S. and O.HALEY, J., The Civil Law Tradition : Europe, Latin America  and East Asia, Charlottesville, Va., Michie Co.,1994.

OBRA COLECTIVA, Un siglo de derecho civil mexicano, Mexico, U.N.A.M., 1985.

OUVRAGE COLLECTIF, 1804-2004, le code civil, un passé un présent un avenir, Université Panthéon-Assas, Paris II, Paris, Dalloz, 2004.

OUVRAGE COLLECTIF, Le code civil 1804-2004, livre du Bicentenaire, Paris, Dalloz, Litec, 2004.

OUVRAGE COLLECTIF,  Du Code civil du Québec, contribution à l’histoire immédiate d’une codification  réussie, Montréal, les Editions Thémis, Ministère de la justice du Canada, 2005.

OUVRAGE COLLECTIF, Le discours et le code. Portalis, deux siècles après le Code Napoléon, Paris, Litec, 2004, LXVI + 398 p. 

PORTALIS , J.É.M., Discours préliminaire au premier projet de Code civil, préf. de MICHEL MASSENET, col.«Voix de la cité », Editions Confluences,  1993.

PRIBAN, J., ROBERTS.P and YOUNG, J., (eds.), Systems of Justices in Transition : Central European Experience since 1989, Aldeshot, Ashgate, 2003.

ROGOWSKI, R., (ed.), Civil law, New York, New York University Press, 1996. 

SANCHEZ–CORDERO DAVILA, J., Derecho civil, Mexico, U.N.A.M., 1981.

STEINER, E., French Legal Method, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2002. 

TOMAS Y VALIENTE, F.,  Manuel de historia del Derecho Español, Madrid, Tecnos, 1986.

VANDERLINDEN, J., Le concept de code en Europe occidentale du XIIIe au XIXe siècle, Bruxelles, Éditions de l’Institut de sociologie, 1967.

VAN CAENEGEM, R.C., Judges, Legislators and Professors: Chapter in European Legal History, Cambridge, MA, Cambridge University Press, 1987.

VON MEHREN, A. T. and JAMES R.G., The Civil law System: An Introduction to the Comparative Study of Law, Boston, MA, Little Brown, 1977.  

WILLIAMS, Y., The Sources of Law in the Swiss Civil Code, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1923.

YIANNOPOULOS, A.N., (ed.),  Civil law in the Modern World, L.S.U.

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Last updated: 2009.12.15